An SAP implementation is a large scale, multi-month (or year) project that requires a "methodology" to help organizations successfully execute an SAP implementation and maximize the use of SAP's functionality after go-live. Because of the complexity inherent in SAP's software, consultants and companies around the world have built successful consulting businesses solely focused on the implementation of SAP.
SAP's implementation methodology was first called "ASAP" meaning Accelerated SAP. The ASAP toolset was migrated to Solution Manager around 2004. The SOLMAN tool is used for project management, documentation, system support, defect tracking and many other requirements associated with an SAP implementation.
Each implementation phase has a set of goals and outcomes. For example, at the completion of the Blueprint phase, the business analysts should have developed a document, or blueprint, that details all the business processes that will be implemented in the SAP software with information about the flow of the transactions. At the completion of the Realization phase, the SAP system will be fully configured and ready for integration testing. During the Final Prep phase, testing and training will take place. And finally, during Go Live, the data conversion will be completed and users will start performing their daily business transactions in their new SAP system.